References and abbreviations

1. Business & Sustainable Development Commission - Better Business, better world (2017)

2. Centre for International Forestry Research (CIFOR) Annual Report 2018

3. C40 Cities Staying afloat, the urban response to sea level rise (2018)

4. Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED) Natural Disasters, 2018

5. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Aichi Biodiversity Targets (2013) Mountain biodiversity – why is it important? (2019)

6. Crédit Suisse AG and McKinsey Center for Business and Environment, Conservation Finance From Niche to Mainstream: the Building of an Institutional Asset Class, (2016)

7. Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Loss dollars paid per calendar year (1978-2018)

8. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) What is REDD+ (2019)

9. Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) Overview (United States) (2019)

10. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Climate change and land (2019)

11. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) General Assessment Report, Summary for Policymakers, 2019

12. International Food Policy Research Institute World trends in fertilizer use and projections to 2020 (2017)

13. International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) -IUCN Red List of threatened species (2019) -Facts and figures on forests (2019) -IUCN UK Committee Peatland Programme (Briefing Note 1) (2014)

14. Max Planck Gesellschaft Dramatic decline of Bornean orangutans (2018)

15. National Geographic Half of the Great Barrier Reef is dead (2019)

16. Nature (international scientific journal) Mass balance of the Antarctic ice sheet from 1992 to 2017 (2018)

17. Nature Communications The global flood protection savings provided by coral reefs (2018)

18. Nature Reviews Genetics The rice genome revolution: from an ancient grain to Green Super Rice (Rod A. Wing, Michael D. Purugganan and Qifa Zhang) (2018)

19. Nielsen Research Global consumers seek companies that care about environmental issues (2018)

20. Organisation for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD) -The Ocean Economy in 2030 (2016) -Biodiversity: Finance and the Economic and Business Case for Action (prepared for the meeting of the G7 in Metz, May 2019)

21. Oxford University Press Allee Effects in Ecology and Conservation (Franck Courchamp, Ludek Berec and Joanna Gascoigne, 2008)

22. Ramsar Convention on Wetlands -The Global Wetland Outlook (2019) -Wetlands: source of sustainable livelihoods (fact sheet) (2019)

23. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew The State of the World’s Plants, (2018)

24. Swiss Re Institute -Natural catastrophes and man-made disasters in 2018: ‘secondary’ perils on the frontline (Sigma) (2019) -Preliminary Sigma estimates for 2018: global insured losses of $79 billion are fourth highest on Sigma records (2019)

25. The Nature Conservancy Investing in a blue carbon future (2019)

26. UK Met Office Global climate in context as the world approaches 1°C above pre-industrial for the first time (2015-2019 – close to record-breaking year)

27. UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) -Financing for SDGs: Breaking the bottlenecks of investment, from policy to impact (2018)

28. UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) -Facts and figures on ocean acidification (2019)

29. UN Environment Programme (UNEP) -A Snapshot of the World’s Water Quality -Global Mercury Assessment, 2018

30. UN Food & Agricultural Organisation (FAO) -FAO Statistical Pocketbook (2018) -The State of the World’s Biodiversity for Food and Agriculture (2019) -Mountains and Freshwater (2003) -Global agriculture towards 2050 (High-level Expert Forum) (2009) -State of the World’s Forests (2016)

31. UN Department for Social and Economic Affairs -UN World Population Prospects (2019) -Revision of World Urbanisation Prospects (2019)

32. UN International Migration Report (2017)

33. University of British Columbia Boom or Bust: the future of fish in the South China Sea (2015)

34. US Department of Commerce (National Ocean Service) Deepwater Horizon oil spill – long-term effects on marine mammals, sea turtles (2017)

35. World Bank -Beyond scarcity – water security in the Middle East and North Africa (2017) -The Changing Wealth of Nations (2018) -The miracle of mangroves for coastal protection (2018)

36. World Cities Culture Forum Percentage of public green space (parks and gardens) (2019)

37. WorldFish From local to global: how research enables resilient and sustainable small-scale fisheries (2019)

38. World Health Organisation (WHO) -Environmental and occupational health hazards associated with artisanal and small-scale gold mining (2016) -Climate change and human health (2003)

39. World Resources Institute The world lost a Belgium-sized area of primary rainforests last year (2019)

40. WWF (World Wildlife Fund for Nature) -Into the Wild – integrating nature into investment strategies (WWF France and AXA) (2019) -Living Planet Index (WWF and Zoological Society of London) (2018)

41. Zoological Society of London Living Planet Index (WWF and Zoological Society of London) (2018)

AXI IM - AXA Investment Managers BNI - Biological nitrification inhibition CBD - Convention on Biological Diversity CIFOR- Centre for International Forestry Research CNRS - National Council for Scientific Research (France – Conseil National de la Recherche Scientifique) CRED - Centre for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters SDG CSR - Corporate Social Responsibility EcoLab - Functional and Environmental Ecology Laboratory (Toulouse, France)

ELD - Environmental Liability Directive (EU)

ENSAT - Ecole Nationale Supérieure Agronomique de Toulouse (School of Agronomy)

EPE - Entreprises pour l'Environnement

ESG - Environmental, Social and Governance

FAO - United Nations’ Food & Agriculture

FCPF - Organisation USAID Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

FEMA - Federal Emergency Management Agency

G7 - Group of Seven (members: Canada, France,Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States)

GDP - Gross Domestic Product

IDF - Insurance Development Forum

IPBES - Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services

IPCC - Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

IRRI - International Rice Research Institute

IUCN - International Union for the Conservation of Nature

NGO - Non-Governmental Organisation Organisation for

OECD - Economic Cooperation & Development

ORRAA - Ocean Risk and Resilience Action Alliance

PSI - Principle for Sustainable Insurance

REDD+ - Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation RSPO - Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil

SDG - Sustainable Development Goal

TCFD - Task Force for Climate-Related Financial Disclosures

TNC - The Nature Conservancy

UNCTAD - UN Conference on Trade & Development

UNEP - United Nations Environment Programme

UNESCO - UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation

UNFCCC - United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

USAID - United States Agency for International Development

WHO - World Health Organisation

WMO - World Meteorological Organisation

WRI - World Resources Institute

WWF - World Wildlife Fund for Nature


Research Fund

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